It’s being described as the most important Arctic science expedition of all time.
The German Research Vessel Polarstern is about to head for the far north the place it intends to drift in the sea-ice for a complete year.
Hundreds of scientists will go to the ship in that point to use it as a base from which to examine the local weather.
The MOSAiC (Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate) undertaking is predicted to price about €130m (£120m/$150m).
Its scale means it should be a global effort. RV Polarstern will likely be supported by icebreakers from Russia, Sweden and China.
In deep winter, when these vessels cannot pierce the floes to attain the German ship, aeroplanes and long-range helicopters will ship the provides and reduction groups.
MOSAiC’s goal is to examine all features of the local weather system in the Arctic. Instrument stations will likely be arrange on the ice across the Polarstern, a few of them up to 50km away.
The ice, the ocean, the environment, even the wildlife – all will likely be sampled. The year-long investigations are designed to give extra certainty to the projections of future change.