Source: Extreme Tech
In the future, instead of trying to type your mixed-case, numbers-and-punctuation on a painfully small smartphone screen, logging in might be as simple as thinking of your password — or passthoughts, if you will.
This finding, which comes from UC Berkeley, essentially turns your brain activity into a biometric identifier. In much the same way that your DNA or the blood vessels in your retina are unique, your brainwaves also seem to be unique and can be used to identify you — useful, if you want to log into a computer, or otherwise prove your identity.
To do this, the Berkeley researchers use a $100 commercial EEG (electroencephalogram). This $100 EEG, made by Neurosky, basically resembles a Bluetooth headset with a single electrode that rests on your forehead, over your brain’s left frontal lobe. This electrode measures your brainwaves, which it then transmits via a Bluetooth link to a nearby PC. The Berkeley researchers say that they their system has an error rate of below 1%, which is comparable to clinical EEGs, which typically attach 32 to 256 electrodes all over your skull and cost a lot more than $100.
To develop brain biometrics, participants were asked to complete seven different tasks with the EEG equipped. Three of the tasks were generic, requiring the participants to focus on breathing in and out, imagine moving their finger up and down, and listening for an audio tone; the other four tasks required participants to focus on an individual/personalized secret, such as singing a song of their choice, or performing a repetitive action. While performing these tasks, some clever software on a nearby PC is watching your brainwaves, trying to discern a pattern, a heuristic that identifies your brain. It turns out that all seven tasks — even just sitting there and focusing on your own breathing — provide enough information to authenticate your identity. (See: Hackers backdoor the human brain, successfully extract sensitive data.)