Sioux Center (United States) (AFP) – In the meadow, 4 white-haired Shorthorn heifers peel off from the others, elevating their heads on the identical time in the identical route. Unsettling, when you already know they’re clones.
From their ears dangle yellow tags marked with the identical quantity: 434P. Only the numbers that observe are totally different: 2, 3, four and 6.
The tag additionally bears the identify of the company that bred them and is holding them briefly in a discipline at its headquarters in Sioux Center, Iowa: Trans Ova Genetics, the one massive US company promoting cloned cows.
A couple of miles away, 4 Trans Ova scientists in white lab jackets bend over high-tech microscopes in the company’s laboratories. They are meticulously working with the minute components of life to create, in Petri dishes, genetically similar copies of present animals.
Each year, the company provides start, utilizing the cloning approach, to about 100 calves. It additionally clones pigs and horses.
The specialist in reproductive applied sciences for livestock started to grow to be in the 1990s in cloning, a area of interest market.
The start of Dolly the sheep in 1996 — the primary clone of an grownup mammal — had appeared on the time like one thing straight out of science fiction.
And the superior expertise raised moral considerations as a result of it deviates from regular replica that marries genetic materials from two mother and father.
Still, the controversial approach has unfold and is used in a variety of international locations, together with the United States.
In 2008, the company charged with US meals security, the Food and Drug Administration, authorized consumption of meat and milk from cloned cows, pigs and goats.