Nearly 10 % of some 2,000 species of European wild bees face extinction, says a current study, including that the drivers behind such a mass disappearance of nature’s high pollinators embrace the usage of pesticides, fertilizers, and local weather change.
“Overall, 9.2 percent of bees are considered threatened in Europe, while at the EU-27 level, 9.1 percent are threatened with extinction,” says a brand new report printed as part of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) European Red List of Bees venture.
The study, co-funded by the European Commission, offers details about 1,965 wild bee species in Europe, together with their standing, distribution and the hazards they face.
The major threats to bee survival are related with fashionable agriculture, says the report, including that these hazards embrace intensive arable farming, livestock farming and the continued presence of business timber plantations. Climate change can also contribute to mass bee extinction.
Bees “are threatened with extinction in Europe mainly due to habitat loss as a result of agriculture intensification (e.g., changes in agricultural practices including the use of pesticides and fertilizers), urban development, increased frequency of fires and climate change,” says the study.
Also herbicides also can negatively have an effect on bee variety, as they “can reduce the availability of flowers on which bees depend and delay the flowering, so the timing between the period when food is most needed by pollinators and food availability is disrupted.”
“Our quality of life – and our future – depends on the many services that nature provides for free. Pollination is one of these services, so it is very worrying to learn that some of our top pollinators [bees] are at risk!” stated Karmenu Vella, European Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.
“If we don’t address the reasons behind this decline in wild bees, and act urgently to stop it, we could pay a very heavy price indeed,” he added.