Researchers have found a hidden continent on Earth, however it’s not Atlantis. They found it whereas reconstructing the evolution of Mediterranean area’s complicated geology, which rises with mountain ranges and dips with seas from Spain to Iran.
The continent is known as Greater Adria. It’s the scale of Greenland and it broke off from North Africa, solely to be buried under Southern Europe about 140 million years in the past.And chances are high, you have been there with out even realizing it.
“Forget Atlantis,” mentioned Douwe van Hinsbergen, research writer and professor of world tectonics and paleogeography at Utrecht University. “Without realizing it, vast numbers of tourists spend their holiday each year on the lost continent of Greater Adria.”
The research was printed this month within the journal Gondwana Research.
Researching the evolution of mountain ranges can present the evolution of continents. “Most mountain chains that we investigated originated from a single continent that separated from North Africa more than 200 million years ago,” mentioned van Hinsbergen.
“The only remaining part of this continent is a strip that runs from Turin via the Adriatic Sea to the heel of the boot that forms Italy.”This space is known as Adria by geologists, so the researchers for this research seek advice from the beforehand undiscovered continent as Greater Adria.
In the Mediterranean area, geologists have a special understanding of plate tectonics. Plate tectonics are the idea behind how oceans and continents type, and for different elements of the Earth, that idea suggests that the plates do not deform after they transfer alongside one another in areas with massive fault traces. But Turkey, and the Mediterranean, is completely completely different.
“It is quite simply a geological mess: Everything is curved, broken and stacked,” mentioned van Hinsbergen. “Compared to this, the Himalayas, for instance, symbolize a fairly easy system.
There you’ll be able to observe a number of massive fault traces throughout a distance of greater than 2,000 kilometers.”In the case of Greater Adria, most of it was underwater, lined by shallow seas, coral reefs and sediments. The sediments fashioned rocks and these have been scraped off like barnacles when Greater Adria was compelled under the mantle of Southern Europe. Those scrapped rocks turned mountain ranges in these areas: the Alps, the Apennines, the Balkans, Greece and Turkey.