The former Army private was convicted of espionage and theft on August 21 in connection with illegally turning over 700,000 US diplomatic cables, battlefield reports, and combat video to the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks.
Formerly known as Bradley, Manning, 25, said after sentencing that she wanted to live as a woman, requesting media refer to her as Chelsea.
A presidential pardon could allow Manning to leave Fort Leavenworth prison in Kansas and re-enter society as a civilian. The president has the ability to grant a full and unconditional pardon, to commute a sentence, or to rescind a fine.
Manning’s attorney, David Coombs, announced the news on Twitter earlier Tuesday. Coombs previously announced that he would seek a pardon for Manning and planned to include a personal plea from Manning to Obama.
“When I chose to disclose classified information, I did so out of a love to my country and a sense of duty to others,” Manning would tell Obama, Coombs said. “If you deny my request for a pardon, I will serve my time knowing that sometimes you have to pay a heavy price to live in a free society. I will gladly pay that price if it means we could have a country that is truly conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all women and men are created equal.”
By March of this year, Obama granted 39 pardons, 17 of which were granted in that month alone. Obama has granted fewer pardons than his predecessors traditionally have. For example, President George W. Bush granted 200 pardons during his eight years in office.
While Obama has offered the public little insight into the Manning case, he did comment on the unauthorized data disclosure at a California fundraiser in 2011.
“I have to abide by certain classified information,” Obama is heard saying on a widely circulated video. “If I was to release stuff, information that I’m not authorized to release, I’m breaking the law…We’re a nation of laws. We don’t individually make our own decisions about how the laws operate…He broke the law.”
Media pundits have fallen on both sides of the issue, with some calling Manning a hero and others likening the former intelligence analyst to notorious American traitors. Daniel Pneuman wrote Tuesday in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that Manning is a mere casualty of the secrecy state that has expanded under the president.
“Obama stated in 2008, ‘Government whistleblowers are part of a health democracy, and must be protected from reprisal,’” Pneuman wrote. “We hope he lives up to the statement he made about whistle-blowers while he was on the campaign trail. Will 2013 Obama reject 2008 Obama’s courageous statement about whistle-blowers?”